By Abbie Schepps
The U.S., Russia, Canada, Denmark, Norway and Iceland are all laying claim to an area of the arctic. Rich in oil and holding 30% of the Earth’s natural gas, the countries are engaged in a massive territorial dispute. The real appeal is that the melting ice, vanishing at 13% a decade, is expected to make drilling, mining and shipping easier. In order to claim a portion of the arctic, the countries are going to have to show an extension of their continental shelf, a “hugely expensive and complicated” task. Though Norway is the only nation to have its claim for a portion approved, Canada is currently scrambling to defend its territory. Canada claims this is a sovereign Canadian waterway and not an international waterway. With the arctic ice melting rapidly, there is at least an understanding that these countries are better off cooperating.